Analysis from the World Bank Group, 2015 shows that in comparison to the rural and urban areas of Sri Lanka, people living on the tea estates have significantly poorer living standards. From drinking water through to sanitary facilities and electricity within their households, people living within the tea estates are less likely to have these basic facilities.

The differences are particularly large for the availability of drinking water; only 68.1% of households in the estates have drinking water available inside their premises, compared to 77.3% of households in rural areas.

Similarly, less than one-third of estate households have a toilet available in their unit (a unit comprising of a group of line rooms with different families living in them), compared to 43.2& of households in rural areas.

It has been argued that the lack of toilets and running water provides a further problem for women -  mothers and daughters need to wake up early in the morning and go to bushes for bathing and other needs, which exposes them to all kinds of threats, including unwanted sexual attention.

Often, entire families live in so- called line rooms – barrack- type single rooms that are roughly 12 by 10 feet and described as crowded, damp, smoky and dark with leaking roofs and inadequate light and ventilation.

Housing, education, health care and childcare are often provided as non-monetary “welfare packages” to estate workers. However, it is well documented that this creates a total dependency of workers on the management for all aspects of their lives.

This information has been taken from a report from the World bank group entitled "Sri Lanka, Ending poverty and promoting shared prosperity". 2015